The information below, gives palm tree descriptions, tree height growth, leaves, growing conditions, etc. These photos show the assortment of palm trees found at our farm.
Canary Island Palm
The canary island palm is a large tree that reaches 60-70 feet tall and 25 feet wide. The trunk can reach a diameter of four feet and is covered with an attractive, diamond-shaped pattern from old leaf scars. Young Canary Island Palms resemble giant pineapples. It has a fat trunk with a predominant bulge at the top with a large crown of 8-15 foot long leaves. The leaves are stiff and green. It produces white flowers that bloom in spring which are inconspicuous and not showy, The stalks of inconspicuous flowers are replaced with clusters of one-inch-diameter, orange-yellow, date-like, ornamental fruits which ripen in early summer. The ‘dates’, are oblong and about 1.5 inches in length and consist of a large pointed seed surrounded by sweet sugary flesh. Male and female flowers grow on separate plants. Only female plants produce dates and only if a male tree is nearby.
Canary Island Date Palm should be grown in full sun on fertile, moist soil for best growth and require pruning to remove old fronds.
The queen palm can reach a maximum height of about 50 feet. It has a smooth straight grey trunk ringed with evenly spaced leaf scars and crowned by a beautiful head of glossy, bright green, soft, pinnate leaves forming a graceful, drooping canopy. The fronds are dark green and have double rows of leaflets. This palm is noted for its spectacular clusters of flowers and fruits. The flower colors can be white/cream/gray and showy. In early winter, green fruit clusters appear. The spherical-shaped fruit eventually turns bright orange, hanging in clusters up to six feet in length. In each fruit there is a single hard seed with three spots. The ornamental, bright orange dates are produced in hanging clusters and ripen during the winter months. Queen Palms grow best in full sun and is most suited for acidic, well-drained soils.
The robilini palm also known as the pygmy date palm, can grow from 6 to 12 feet tall. It is native to Laos and southeast Asia. As it matures, it develops beautiful marks or scars on its trunk. These marks and scars naturally occur from the palm tree losing the old fronds from the trunk. These palms are known for their beautiful fronds and have sharp needle-like spikes. When small, the Robellini Palm Tree usually grows in pairs or triplets, and this is due to its ability to develop sucklings. Sucklings develop from the root base of the palm and emerge as a full palm tree. The Robellini palm has been a favorite for indoor potting for decades and has been a staple for outdoor landscaping. This small palm tree thrives in partial shade to full sun.
Sago Palm trees are one of the most primitive living seed plants and are very unusual. Sago Palms are a very popular landscape item and is the most common cycad used in landscape. Most people don’t realize that it is not a palm at all. Rather this plant is a Cycad, a totally different type of plant. It has an erect rugged trunk, that is typically about one to two feet in diameter, sometimes wider and can grow into very old specimens with twenty feet of trunk. Sago Palms are topped with stiff feather-like leaves growing in a circular pattern. The leaves are a dark olive green and about three to four feet long when the plants are of a reproductive age. They can be longer if not grown in full sun. New leaves emerge all at once in a circular pattern, and are very tender until they begin to harden several weeks later. Trunks can branch multiple times, thus producing multiple heads of leaves.
Sago Palm plants adapt to a wide range of temperatures from 15 to 110 degrees F (-11 to 42 degrees C), Sagos accepts full sun or bright interior light, thrive with proper care and maintenance, and tolerates neglect.
Washatonia Palm has a tall, slender trunk and is topped with a crown of large fan-shaped evergreen fronds. The Washingtonia Palm Tree grows rapidly and can soar to over 100 ft. It is a popular landscape plant in Florida, California and Arizona and in areas where it is hardy throughout the world.It is a striking sight when planted at equal intervals along a boulevard or in groups against high rise buildings. This palm should only be used in large open areas – it is NOT a good palm for residences with small yards. The gray trunk is ringed with closely set leaf scars although usually at least part of the trunk remains covered with dead leaves that hang in a thatch. The solitary trunk, about 10-12 inches in diameter, bulges at the ground and becomes slender as it approaches a crown of large palmate leaves with gracefully drooping leaflet tips. These are rich glossy green and grow to about 5 ft long and 4 ft wide. They are borne on 3 ft orange leaf stems that are edged with vicious sawtooth spines.
As the leaves die, they fall against the trunk to create a “hula skirt” effect for which this palm is famous. Washington palms in Florida usually do not reach maximum height as they tend to get their crowns cut off by lightning when they begin to tower over neighboring trees.
In early summer large, light beige, branched inflorescences extend past the leaves growing 7-10 ft long. These hold clusters of small whitish flowers that mature into 1/2 in black berries that are easy (for a palm) to germinate.
Washington palm prefers a moderately rich well drained soil but can survive on poor soils, even sand. It does best in bright sunny conditions but Washington palm will tolerate some shade.
The Windmill Palm can reach 40 feet in height. Its leaves that are arranged into symmetrical crown that is about 8 to feet wide. The trunks are usually covered with a loose mat of coarse gray or brown fiber. and the three-foot-wide, fan-shaped fronds extend from 1.5-foot-long, rough-edged petioles. Windmill Palms have a rather slender single stem that is 8 to 10 inches in diameter and is typically a bit narrower at the base than at the top. Windmill Palm should be grown in shade or partial shade on fertile soil, but it is also tolerant of full sun on well-drained soils.